Papyrus 46 Hebrews 7 within two or three generations of the life of Jesus
Title of Work Epistles of Paul - Hebrews Chapter 7
46 Papyrus 46 is 300 Chapters of the New Testament - Found Intact and exactly as shown. Owned by the University of Michigan
1880s Mount of Olives overlooking the Temple in Jerusalem. More like from the time of Jesus.
This Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High. He met Abraham returning from the defeat of the kings and blessed him, 2 and Abraham gave him a tenth of everything. First, the name Melchizedek means “king of righteousness”; then also, “king of Salem” means “king of peace.” 3 Without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, resembling the Son of God, he remains a priest forever.
4 Just think how great he was: Even the patriarch Abraham gave him a tenth of the plunder! 5 Now the law requires the descendants of Levi who become priests to collect a tenth from the people—that is, from their fellow Israelites—even though they also are descended from Abraham. 6 This man, however, did not trace his descent from Levi, yet he collected a tenth from Abraham and blessed him who had the promises.
7 And without doubt the lesser is blessed by the greater. 8 In the one case, the tenth is collected by people who die; but in the other case, by him who is declared to be living.
9 One might even say that Levi, who collects the tenth, paid the tenth through Abraham, 10 because when Melchizedek met Abraham, Levi was still in the body of his ancestor.
11 If perfection could have been attained through the Levitical priesthood—and indeed the law given to the people established that priesthood—why was there still need for another priest to come, one in the order of Melchizedek, not in the order of Aaron?
12 For when the priesthood is changed, the law must be changed also.
13 He of whom these things are said belonged to a different tribe, and no one from that tribe has ever served at the altar.
14 For it is clear that our Lord descended from Judah, and in regard to that tribe Moses said nothing about priests. 15 And what we have said is even more clear if another priest like Melchizedek appears, 16 one who has become a priest not on the basis of a regulation as to his ancestry but on the basis of the power of an indestructible life. 17 For it is declared:
“You are a priest forever,
in the order of Melchizedek.”
18 The former regulation is set aside because it was weak and useless 19 (for the law made nothing perfect), and a better hope is introduced, by which we draw near to God.
20 And it was not without an oath! Others became priests without any oath, 21 but he became a priest with an oath when God said to him:
“The Lord has sworn
and will not change his mind:
‘You are a priest forever.’”
22 Because of this oath, Jesus has become the guarantor of a better covenant.
23 Now there have been many of those priests, since death prevented them from continuing in office; 24 but because Jesus lives forever, he has a permanent priesthood. 25 Therefore he is able to save completely those who come to God through him, because he always lives to intercede for them.
26 Such a high priest truly meets our need—one who is holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens. 27 Unlike the other high priests, he does not need to offer sacrifices day after day, first for his own sins, and then for the sins of the people. He sacrificed for their sins once for all when he offered himself. 28 For the law appoints as high priests men in all their weakness; but the oath, which came after the law, appointed the Son, who has been made perfect forever.
Father God has loved Aaron and his descendants:
Eleazar, son of Aaron (Numbers 20:28
Phinehas, son of Eleazar
Abishua, son of Phinehas
The Samaritans insert Shesha as the son of Abishua and father of Bukki.
Bukki, son of Abishua
Uzzi, son of Bukki
Though Phinehas and his descendants are not directly attested as high priests, this portion of the genealogy given in I Chronicles 5:30-41
is assumed by other sources (including Josephus  and Seder 'Olam Zutta), to give the succession of the office from father to son. At some time, the office was transferred from descendants of Eleazar to those of his brother Itamar. The first known and most notable high priest of Itamar's line was Eli, a contemporary of Samuel.
Eli, descendant of Ithamar, son of Aaron
Ahitub, son of Phinehas and grandson of Eli
Ahijah, son of Ahitub
Ahimelech, son of Ahijah
Abiathar, son of Ahimelech
I Chronicles 5:34-41
(* Also mentioned in Book of Ezra 7:1–5) First Column
Josephus Second Column
Seder 'Olam Zutta Third Column
Other Biblical information 4th Column
Zadok* Zadok Zadok Zadok was High Priest during the reign of King Solomon and the construction of the First Temple.
Ahimaaz Ahimaaz Ahimaaz
Azariah Azariah Azariah Among the "princes/officials" of King Solomon listed in 1 Kings 4:2
"Azariah, son of Zadok, the priest" appears in first place.
Johanan Joram -
- Isus Joash
- - Jehoiarib
- - Jehoshaphat -
- Jehoiada Jehoiada Jehoiada, brother-in-law of King Ahaziah, is mentioned in 2 Kings 11:4-17
as a priest leading the coup against Queen-mother Athaliah and installing Jehoash of Judah as king of Judah.
- Axioramos - -
- Phideas Pediah -
- Sudeas Zedekiah -
Azariah Juelus Joel Azariah II is mentioned in 2 Chronicles 26:14-18
as a "chief priest" opposing King Uzziah. In I Chronicles 5:36
Azariah, son of Johanan is singled out as "he it is that executed the priest's office in the house that Solomon built in Jerusalem".
Amaria Jotham Jotham -
Ahitub Urias Urijah Uriah is mentioned in 2 Kings 16:10-16
as a priest who, on orders of King Ahaz, replaces the altar in the temple with a new, Assyrian-style altar. He is also mentioned as a witness in Isaiah 8:2
- Nerias Neria A Azariah is mentioned in 2 Chronicles 31:10
as "the chief priest, of the house of Zadok" under King Hezekiah.
Zadok Odeas Hoshaiah -
Shallum* Shallum Shallum Shallum, son of Zadok
Hilkiah* Elcias Hilkiah Hilkiah, priest at the time of King Josiah.
Azariah IV* Azaros Azariah IV Azariah IV, son of Hilkiah (1 Chr 6:13)
Seriah* Sareas Seriah Seriah, son of Azariah IV (2 Ki 25:18)
Jesus Christ - Lion of the Tribe of Judah - not a Levite
A mystery - for if they had, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.
“What no eye has seen,
what no ear has heard,
and what no human mind has conceived”—
the things God has prepared for those who love him—
These are the things God has revealed to us by his Spirit.
The Spirit searches all things, even the deep things of God.
Holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens. 27 Unlike the other high priests, he does not need to offer sacrifices day after day, first for his own sins, and then for the sins of the people.
He sacrificed for their sins once for all when he offered himself. For the law appoints as high priests men in all their weakness; but the oath, which came after the law, appointed the Son, who has been made perfect forever.
Father God, Bless those who work for Peace and Healing. Father God extend all who would treat Respect with Goodness. We ask You to equip us to do Your Good Work. In Jesus shine Your Light upon those Loving and Kind to each other. We ask Your Blessings Upon our Nation. In Jesus. Amen.
♔ Lord Jesus Saves †